Coastal Land Analysis and Management Project
Project Year: 2008
- Dr. Timothy Chapin, Associate Professor and Department Chair, Department of Urban & Regional Planning, FSU
- Dr. Robert Deyle, Professor, Department of Urban & Regional Planning, FSU
Prepared for: Florida Department of Community Affairs, Division of Emergency Management, and FSU’s DeVoe L. Moore Center
Faculty members Bob Deyle and Tim Chapin received funding from the National Sea Grant Program, the Florida Department of Community Affairs, Division of Emergency Management, and FSU’s DeVoe L. Moore Center for a 2.5 year study of land use change in hurricane hazard zones in Florida. This was one of the first initiatives to empirically assess the effectiveness of local growth management policies, programs, and regulations in mitigating the vulnerability of communities to damage and destruction from natural disasters.
The focus of the project is on changes over time in the exposure and vulnerability of coastal communities in Florida to hurricane flood damage. Deyle and Chapin, in collaboration with FSU Geography professor Jay Baker, analyzed land use changes at the parcel level to determine changes in the size of exposed populations and resultant impacts on shelter demand and evacuation clearance times in variously defined Hurricane Hazard Zones (HHZs) for 6 to 12 coastal communities in Florida between 1995 and 2003. In addition, they analyzed changes in the vulnerability of improved property to flood damage in variously defined HHZs and assessed the extent to which the adoption and implementation of local growth management strategies have reduced exposure and vulnerability within HHZs and why. The land use change, exposure, and vulnerability analyses will be conducted using the geographic information system (GIS) facilities of the FSU College of Social Sciences and Public Policy, with the assistance of lab director Shawn Lewers.
Funding from FSU’s DeVoe L. Moore Center helped to support a workshop of state and national planning professionals and scholars who assisted in devising recommendations based on the findings from the analyses. Principal beneficiaries include the Florida Department of Community Affairs, local governments of coastal jurisdictions in Florida, and state and local governments in other coastal areas of the United States.