Taking the High Road: Integrating Hazard Mitigation into Long Range Transportation Planning

Project Years: 2008 — 2011

Lead Faculty: 

  • Dr. Timothy ChapinAssociate Professor and Department Chair, Department of Urban & Regional Planning, FSU
  • Dr. Robert Deyle, Professor, Department of Urban & Regional Planning, FSU
  • Dr. Harrison Higgins, former Planner-in-Residence and Director, Florida Planning and Development Lab

Prepared for: Florida Department of Community Affairs, Division of Emergency Management, and Charlotte County, Florida

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Project Objectives:

This project is designed (1) to assist the Charlotte County - Punta Gorda MPO in realizing its aspirations for integrating hazard mitigation into its LRTP and TIP and (2) to use Charlotte County as a pilot for devising a set of best practices guidelines for use by other MPOs and their collaborative partners in Florida and elsewhere in the United States.  The principal members of the project team include the Florida State Department of Urban and Regional Planning, the Charlotte County - Punta Gorda MPO, and Continental Shelf Associates (CSA). A Technical Advisory Committee will be established to provide input and feedback throughout the duration of the project.

Project Deliverables:

The project will result in two primary deliverables: (1) revisions to the Charlotte County -Punta Gorda LRTP that incorporate hazard mitigation into its goals, objectives, and projects and (2) a best practices guidebook, fashioned after the recent series developed by the Florida Department of Community Affairs, that is targeted at MPOs as well as their principal local government collaborators, including local planning departments, LMS coordinators, and county emergency managers. An ancillary output will be revisions to the CCPG MPO TIP that reflect the revisions made to the LRTP.

Additional project outputs include several intermediate products from a series of risk analysis and research and development tasks. Background research will be conducted at the outset of the project to define the legal and institutional context of integrating hazard mitigation into MPO long-range transportation planning.

Hazards Exposure Assessment:

An all-hazards exposure assessment will be conducted for the major transportation facilities that lie within the CCPG MPO region. In addition, a series of land use planning and transportation system scenarios will be developed in collaboration with county and city planning staff and other relevant stakeholders to serve as the basis for scenario-based planning analyses of alternative future land use and transportation system configurations. These scenarios also will be employed to conduct vulnerability assessments using the HAZUS wind and flood modules and to perform traffic evacuation clearance analyses using the Southwest Florida Regional Planning Council's (SWFRPC) hurricane evacuation analysis model.  The SWFRPC will assist the project team in the latter effort.

These will serve as the basis for defining the principal hazards issues and problems that should addressed in the CCPG LRTP and specific LRTP hazard mitigation options. In addition, the scenario-based planning analyses will serve as input to the comprehensive planning processes in Charlotte County and Punta Gorda and as input to conducting transportation demand analyses of selected transportation system and land use scenarios that optimize hazard mitigation as well as other land use and transportation planning goals and objectives. The CCPG MPO's transportation demand modeling consultant, Tindale-Oliver and Associates, will perform the transportation demand analyses. Additional analyses using the SWFRPC evacuation clearance model will be performed as necessary to fine tune the identification of optimal land use and transportation facility configurations for incorporation in the LRTP.

Scenario Planning: 

The initiative to undertake scenario-based planning and to integrate hazard mitigation into that process will require an expansion of the CCPG MPO's efforts to collaborate with both its planning partners and constituents. Research will be conducted to document and assess the collaborative initiatives taken by other MPOs in Florida and for advising the CCPG MPO on enhancements that will facilitate its efforts to effectively involve all relevant stakeholders in its efforts to integrate hazard mitigation into the LRTP through the use of scenario-based planning.

Best practices guidebook:

Results from the subtasks involved in developing the hazard mitigation component of the CCPG LRTP will serve as the basis for preparing the best practices guidebook which will be modeled after the recent series of hazard mitigation best practices guidebooks developed by the Florida Department of Community Affairs. Major sections of the guidebook will include (1) using scenario-based planning for integrating hazard mitigation, land use, and transportation planning, (2) conducting transportation facility exposure assessments, (3) conducting vulnerability assessments for alternative land use scenarios, (4) conducting hurricane evacuation analyses for alternative land use and transportation system scenarios, (5) integrating hazard mitigation into the long-range transportation planning process, and (6) effective methods for collaborating with essential partners and stakeholders. Graduate students in an FSU DURP planning studio will work under the supervision of DURP faculty to develop an initial draft of the guidebook which will then be further refined by the FSU DURP and CSA team.  The project team will consult extensively with both FDCA and the Florida Department of Transportation in designing and producing the guidebook.

Downloads / Project Documents: