Best Practices in State Bicycle and Pedestrian Planning: A Guide for Plan Preparation

Florida Metropolitan Planning Organizations with Bicycle and Pedestrian Plans
Florida Metropolitan Planning Organizations
with Bicycle and Pedestrian Plans

Semester: Fall 2005

Lead Faculty: Harrison Higgins, former Director, Florida Planning and Development Lab, FSU

Project Partner: Florida Department of Transportation, Safety Office

Student Assistants: Alex Joyce, Kristin Mixell, Lori Nail, Audrey Smith, Tim Stone, and Stephanie Striefel

Summary: This report, prepared by the Florida Planning and Development Lab, offers recommendations for Best Practices in Bicycle and Pedestrian Planning tailored to meet the needs of the State of Florida. This project was made possible through a Section 402 Grant from the Florida Department of Transportation (FDOT) Safety Office.

The report was completed using a variety of analytical methods to determine best practices transferable to the State of Florida. In order to better understand the Florida context, the researchers undertook a review of the current institutional structure of Florida government agencies engaged in bicycle and pedestrian planning. In addition, the researchers examined the peer-reviewed literature concerning bicycle and pedestrian safety, accessibility, and mobility in order to identify empirically-proven best practices.The bicycle and pedestrian plans of other states were reviewed in order to determine the established practices and experimental initiatives in place throughout the country. The relationships of variables found in the literature review were then compared with existing state plan policies in selected case states in order to better understand the degree to which states are using best practices that have shown success in the research. Finally, a case study research method examined the context of states that differed in their presence of a state bicycle and pedestrian plan and fatality and modal choice statistics. Three states with bicycle and pedestrian planning practice were chosen, as well as one state without a bicycle and pedestrian plan. The analysis allowed the researchers to query professionals for information and data found in neither the literature, nor in the state bicycle and pedestrian plans.